Islamic Art and Architecture: Unit 2 Muslim places of worship and devotion
In this unit, we have explored Muslim religious architecture especially mosques, khanqahs and madrasas and come to the following conclusions:
- There are no ritual requirements for mosque architecture except the orientation towards the qibla.
- Different styles of mosques developed in different regions.
- The decoration of buildings that served religious functions consisted of inscriptions as well as geometric and floral patterns.
We have looked at a lot of different places of worship this week. Share with the group the one that you liked best, explaining why in the relevant thread of the Worship and devotion forum.
- Search for the articles on ‘Mosques’ and ‘Madrasas’ in Grove Art Online (accessible through the Oxford Reference Online link in the block on the left of the course homepage).
- Frishman, M., 1994 ‘Islam and the Form of the Mosque’, in Frishman, M. and Khan, H.-U. (eds.), The Mosque: History, Architectural Development & Regional Diversity, Thames and Hudson, pp. 17–41.
- Hillenbrand, R., 1994 Islamic Architecture: Form, Function and Meaning, New York, Columbia University Press.
- Necipoglu-Kafadar, G., 1985 ‘The Süleymaniye Complex in Istanbul: An Interpretation’, in Muqarnas III: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture, Grabar, O. (ed.), Leiden, E. J. Brill. Also available online at ArchNet (6.22 MB)
- Yusupova, M., 1999 ‘Evolution of Architecture of the Sufi Complexes in Bukhara’, in Petruccioli, A. (ed.), Bukhara: The Myth and the Architecture, Cambridge, MA, The Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture. Also available for download from ArchNet (2.49 MB).